Both political and economic restrictions prevent socio-economic development in the region, especially in the Gaza Strip. Because of this, the ability of the private sector to thrive is limited and the Palestinian economy remains highly dependent on the public sector, which counts for 15% of employment in the West Bank and 36% in Gaza.
The deterioration of the overall economic situation in Palestine, combined with a rapid population growth and an ever-higher number of people entering the labour market has significantly increased unemployment, especially among Palestinian youth. In 2017, unemployment in Palestine reached 27,4% among labour force participants, 0,5% higher than in 2016, and was the highest in Gaza with 43,6% unemployment, compared to 18% in the West Bank.
Unemployment in the Gaza Strip has risen to more than 43%. Yet there are jobs in the private sector for people with technical skills, but only 3% of Palestinian students have a degree in technical education or vocational training.
In contrast, there is a high demand for technical skills in the private sector, but less than 3% of the Palestinian student population obtains a degree in technical and vocational education and training (TVET).
Enabel wants to counter youth unemployment in Palestine by helping graduates match their skills with the demand of the labour market, by integrating Work-Based Learning in technical & vocational training. Work-Based Learning improves practical skills and facilitates the transition from education to employment as part of the students’ training takes place in the workplace.